Bahrain officially known as the Kingdom of Bahrain is an Arab constitutional monarchy in the Persian Gulf. Bahrain is the third-smallest nation in Asia. Capital city is Manama and Bahrain is a flat and arid archipelago in the Persian Gulf. The Bahrain National Museum has artifacts from the country’s history dating back to the island’s first human inhabitants some 9000 years ago and the Bait Al Quran is a museum that holds Islamic artifacts of the Qur’an. Bird watching (primarily in the Hawar Islands), scuba diving, and horse riding are popular tourist activities in Bahrain.